Quarterly report pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d)


9 Months Ended
Sep. 30, 2021
Income Tax Disclosure [Abstract]  
As discussed in Note 2, elements of the Plan provided that the Company’s indebtedness related to Predecessor Senior Notes and certain general unsecured claims were exchanged for New Common Stock in settlement of those claims. Absent an exception, a debtor recognizes CODI upon discharge of its outstanding indebtedness for an amount of consideration that is less than its adjusted issue price. The IRC provides that a debtor in a Chapter 11 bankruptcy case may exclude CODI from taxable income, but must reduce certain of its tax attributes by the amount of any CODI realized as a result of the consummation of a plan of reorganization. The amount of CODI realized by a taxpayer is determined based on the fair market value of the consideration received by the creditors in settlement of outstanding indebtedness. As a result of the market value of equity upon emergence from Chapter 11 bankruptcy proceedings, the estimated amount of CODI is approximately $708.8 million, which will reduce the value of the Company’s net operating losses. The actual reduction in tax attributes does not occur until the first day of the Company’s tax year subsequent to the date of emergence, or January 1, 2022. The reduction of net operating losses is expected to be fully offset by a corresponding decrease in valuation allowance. As of September 30, 2021, the Company had an estimated federal net operating loss carryforward of approximately $1.2 billion after giving effect to the estimated reduction in tax attributes as discussed above.

Emergence from Chapter 11 bankruptcy proceedings resulted in a change in ownership for purposes of IRC Section 382. The Company currently expects to apply rules under IRC Section 382(l)(5) that would allow the Company to mitigate the limitations imposed under the regulations with respect to the Company’s remaining tax attributes. The Company’s deferred tax assets and liabilities, prior to the valuation allowance, have been computed on such basis. Taxpayers who qualify for this provision may, at their option, elect not to apply the election. If the provision does not apply, the Company’s ability to realize the value of its tax attributes would be subject to limitation and the amount of deferred tax assets and liabilities, prior to the valuation allowance, may differ. Additionally, under IRC Section 382(l)(5), an ownership change subsequent to the Company’s emergence could severely limit or effectively eliminate its ability to realize the value of its tax attributes.

At each reporting period, the Company weighs all available positive and negative evidence to determine whether its deferred tax assets are more likely than not to be realized. A valuation allowance for deferred tax assets, including net operating losses, is recognized when it is more likely than not that some or all of the benefit from the deferred tax assets will not be realized. To assess that likelihood, the Company uses estimates and judgment regarding future taxable income and considers the tax laws in the jurisdiction where such taxable income is generated, to determine whether a valuation allowance is required. Such evidence can include current financial position, results of operations, both actual and forecasted, the reversal of deferred tax liabilities and tax planning strategies as well as the current and forecasted business economics of the oil and gas industry. Based upon the Company’s analysis, the Company determined a full valuation allowance was necessary against its net deferred tax assets as of both May 17, 2021 and September 30, 2021.

The Company will continue to evaluate whether the valuation allowance is needed in future reporting periods. The valuation allowance will remain until it is determined that the net deferred tax assets are more likely than not to be realized. Future events or new evidence which may lead us to conclude that it is more likely than not that its net deferred tax assets will be realized include, but are not limited to, cumulative historical pre-tax earnings, improvements in oil prices, and taxable events that could result from one or more transactions. The valuation allowance does not prevent future utilization of the tax attributes if the Company recognizes taxable income. As long as the Company concludes that the valuation allowance against its net deferred tax assets is necessary, the Company likely will not have any additional deferred income tax expense or benefit.

For the Current Predecessor YTD Period, the Company has an effective tax rate of (3.4)% and an income tax benefit of $8.0 million. The tax benefit is entirely attributable to an Oklahoma refund claim associated with an examination relating to historical tax returns. The effective tax rate differs from the statutory tax rate due to the Company’s valuation allowance position and the permanent adjustments relating to the Chapter 11 Emergence. For the Current Successor YTD Period, the Company has an effective tax rate of (0.01)% and tax expense of $0.7 million. The tax expense is entirely attributable to the Oklahoma refund claim that was filed during the third quarter of 2021, resulting in an adjustment to the benefit recorded during the Current Predecessor YTD Period. We did not record any additional income tax expense for the Current Successor YTD Period as a result of maintaining a full valuation allowance against our net deferred tax asset. For the Prior Predecessor Quarter, the Company had an effective tax rate of 0% and tax expense of zero due to the Company’s valuation allowance position. For the Prior Predecessor YTD Period, the Company had an effective tax rate of (0.5)% and tax expense of $7.3 million as a result of the sale of assets and a corresponding adjustment to the valuation allowance on remaining state net operating loss carryforwards.