|12 Months Ended
Dec. 31, 2022
|Long-Term Debt, Unclassified [Abstract]
Long-term debt consisted of the following items as of December 31, 2022 and 2021 (in thousands):
On October 14, 2021, the Company entered into the Existing Credit Facility with JPMorgan Chase Bank, N.A., as administrative agent, and various lender parties. The Existing Credit Facility provided for an aggregate maximum principal amount of up to $1.5 billion, an initial borrowing base of $850 million and an initial aggregate elected commitment amount of $700 million. The Existing Credit Facility also provides for a $175.0 million sublimit of the aggregate commitments that is available for the issuance of letters of credit. The Credit Facility matures October 14, 2025.
The borrowing base will be redetermined semiannually on or around May 1 and November 1 of each year.
On May 2, 2022, the Company completed its semi-annual borrowing base redetermination and entered into the Amendment to Borrowing Base Redetermination Agreement and First Amendment to our Credit Agreement ("Amendment"), which amended the Existing Credit Facility (as amended, the "Credit Facility"). The Amendment, among other things, (a) increased the borrowing base under the Credit Facility from $850 million to $1.0 billion with the elected commitments remaining at $700 million, (b) amended certain covenants related to hedging to ease certain requirements and limitations, (c) amended the covenants governing restricted payments to (i) increased the Net Leverage Ratio allowing unlimited restricted payments from 1.00 to 1.00 to 1.25 to 1.00 and (ii) permitted additional restricted payments to redeem preferred equity until December 31, 2022, provided certain leverage, no event of default or borrowing base deficiency and availability tests were met, and (d) provided for the transition from a LIBOR to a SOFR benchmark, with a 10 basis point credit spread adjustment for all tenors.
On October 31, 2022, the Company completed its semi-annual borrowing base redetermination during which the borrowing base under the Credit Facility was reconfirmed at $1.0 billion with the elected commitments remaining at $700 million.
The Credit Facility bears interest at a rate equal to, at the Company’s election, either (a) SOFR benchmark plus an applicable margin that varies from 2.75% to 3.75% per annum or (b) a base rate plus an applicable margin that varies from 1.75% to 2.75% per annum, based on borrowing base utilization. The Company is required to pay a commitment fee of 0.50% per annum on the average daily unused portion of the current aggregate commitments under the Credit Facility. The Company is also required to pay customary letter of credit and fronting fees.
The Credit Facility requires the Company to maintain as of the last day of each fiscal quarter (i) a net funded leverage ratio of less than or equal to 3.25 to 1.00, and (ii) a current ratio of greater than or equal to 1.00 to 1.00.
The obligations under the Credit Facility, certain swap obligations and certain cash management obligations, are guaranteed by the Company and the wholly-owned domestic material subsidiaries of the Borrower (collectively, the “Guarantors” and, together with the Borrower, the “Loan Parties”) and secured by substantially all of the Loan Parties’ assets (subject to customary exceptions).
The Credit Facility also contains customary affirmative and negative covenants, including, among other things, as to compliance with laws (including environmental laws and anti-corruption laws), delivery of quarterly and annual financial statements and borrowing base certificates, conduct of business, maintenance of property, maintenance of insurance, entry into certain derivatives contracts, restrictions on the incurrence of liens, indebtedness, asset dispositions, restricted payments, and other customary covenants. These covenants are subject to a number of limitations and exceptions.
As of December 31, 2022, the Company had $145.0 million outstanding borrowings under the Credit Facility, $113.4 million in letters of credit outstanding and was in compliance with all covenants under the credit agreement.
As of December 31, 2022, the Credit Facility bore interest at a weighted average rate of 7.39%.
2026 Senior Notes
As discussed in Note 2, on the Emergence Date, pursuant to the terms of the Plan, the Company issued $550 million aggregate principal amount of its 8.000% senior notes due 2026. The 2026 Senior Notes are guaranteed on a senior unsecured basis by each of the Company's subsidiaries that guarantee the Credit Facility. Interest on the 2026 Senior Notes is payable semi-annually, on June 1 and December 1 of each year. The 2026 Senior Notes were issued under the Indentures, dated as of May 17, 2021, by and among the Issuer, UMB Bank, National Association, as trustee, and the Guarantors and mature on May 17, 2026.
The covenants of the 1145 Indenture (other than the payment covenant) require that the Company comply with the covenants of the 4(a)(2) Indenture, as amended. The 4(a)(2) Indenture contains covenants limiting the Issuer’s and its restricted subsidiaries’ ability to (i) incur additional debt, (ii) pay dividends or distributions in respect of certain equity interests or redeem, repurchase or retire certain equity interests or subordinated indebtedness, (iii) make certain investments, (iv) create restrictions on distributions from restricted subsidiaries, (v) engage in specified sales of assets, (vi) enter into certain transactions among affiliates, (vii) engage in certain lines of business, (viii) engage in consolidations, mergers and acquisitions, (ix) create unrestricted subsidiaries and (x) incur or create liens. These covenants contain important exceptions, limitations and qualifications. At any time that the 2026 Senior Notes are rated investment grade, certain covenants will be terminated and cease to apply.
Exit Credit Facility
As discussed in Note 2, on the Emergence Date, pursuant to the terms of the Plan, the Company entered into the Exit Credit Agreement, which provided for (i) the Exit Facility in an aggregate principal amount of up to $1.5 billion and (ii) the First-Out Term Loan in an aggregate maximum amount of up to $180.0 million. The Exit Facility had an initial borrowing base and elected commitment amount of up to $580.0 million.
Loans drawn under the Exit Facility were not subject to amortization, while loans drawn under the First-Out Term Loan amortized with $15.0 million quarterly installments, commencing on the closing date and occurring every three months after the closing date. The Exit Credit Facility was scheduled to mature on May 17, 2024.
The Exit Facility provided for a $150.0 million sublimit of the aggregate commitments that is available for the issuance of letters of credit. The Exit Facility also included a $40 million availability blocker that was to remain in place until Successful Midstream Resolution (as defined in the Exit Credit Agreement). The Credit Facility amended and refinanced the Exit Credit Facility.
Chapter 11 Proceedings - Predecessor Debt
Filing of the Chapter 11 Cases constituted an event of default with respect to certain of our secured and unsecured debt obligations. As a result of the Chapter 11 Cases, the principal and interest due under these debt instruments became immediately due and payable. However, Section 362 of the Bankruptcy Code stayed the creditors from taking any action as a result of the default.
The principal amounts from the Predecessor Senior Notes, Building Loan and Pre-Petition Revolving Credit Facility, other than letters of credit drawn on the Pre-Petition Revolving Credit Facility after the Petition Date, were classified as liabilities subject to compromise on the accompanying consolidated balance sheet as of December 31, 2020.
Debtor-in-Possession Credit Agreement
Pursuant to the RSA, the Consenting RBL Lenders agreed to provide the Company with a senior secured superpriority debtor-in-possession revolving credit facility in an aggregate principal amount of $262.5 million consisting of (a) $105 million of new money and (b) $157.5 million to roll up a portion of the existing outstanding obligations under the Pre-Petition Revolving Credit Facility. The terms and conditions of the DIP Credit Facility are set forth in that certain form of credit agreement governing the DIP Credit Facility. The proceeds of the DIP Credit Facility were used for, among other things, post-
petition working capital, permitted capital investments, general corporate purposes, letters of credit, administrative costs, premiums, expenses and fees for the transactions contemplated by the Chapter 11 Cases and payment of court approved adequate protection obligations. On the Emergence Date, the DIP Facility was terminated and the lenders indefeasibly converted into the Exit Facility. Each holder of an allowed DIP Claim received, in full and final satisfaction, settlement, release, and discharge of, and in exchange for, each Allowed DIP Claim its Pro Rata share of participation in the Exit Credit Facility.
Pre-Petition Revolving Credit Facility
Prior to the Emergence Date, the Company had entered into a senior secured revolving credit facility agreement, as amended, with The Bank of Nova Scotia, as the lead arranger and administrative agent and certain lenders from time to time party thereto. The Pre-Petition Revolving Credit Facility had a borrowing base of $580 million. On the Emergence Date, the Pre-Petition Revolving Credit Facility was terminated and the lenders indefeasibly converted into the Exit Credit Facility. Each holder of an allowed claim under the Pre-Petition Revolving Credit Facility received, in full and final satisfaction, settlement, release, and discharge of, and in exchange for, each Allowed DIP Claim its Pro Rata share of participation in the Exit Credit Facility.
Predecessor Senior Notes
On the Emergence Date, all outstanding obligations under the Predecessor Senior Notes were cancelled in accordance with the Plan and each holder of an allowed unsecured notes claim received their pro-rata share of 19.7 million shares of Common Stock and $550 million of the 2026 Senior Notes.
Predecessor Building Loan
In June 2015, the Company entered into a loan for the construction of the Company's corporate headquarters in Oklahoma City, which was substantially completed in December 2016. On the Emergence Date, ownership of the Company's corporate headquarters reverted to the Building Loan lender and the Company entered into a short-term lease agreement for the headquarters with the lender. As a result, the Building Loan liability was discharged as of the Emergence Date.
Predecessor Debt Repurchases
In July of 2019, the Company's Board of Directors authorized $100 million of cash to be used to repurchase its Senior Notes in the open market at discounted values to par. In December 2019, the Company's Board of Directors increased the authorized size of its senior note repurchase program to $200 million in total. During the year ended December 31, 2020, the Company used borrowings under its revolving credit facility to repurchase in the open market approximately $73.3 million aggregate principal amount of its outstanding Predecessor Senior Notes for $22.8 million in cash and recognized a $49.6 million gain on debt extinguishment, which included retirement of unamortized issuance costs and fees associated with the repurchased debt. This gain is included in gain on debt extinguishment in the accompanying consolidated statements of operations.
The following schedule shows the components of interest expense for the year ended December 31, 2022, Prior Successor Period, Prior Predecessor Period and the year ended December 31, 2020 (in thousands):
The Company did not capitalize interest expense for the year ended December 31, 2022 or Prior Predecessor Period. The Company capitalized approximately $0.2 million and $0.9 million in interest expense to undeveloped oil and natural gas properties during the Prior Successor Period and the year ended December 31, 2020, respectively.
Fair Value of Debt
At December 31, 2022, the carrying value of the outstanding debt represented by the 2026 Senior Notes was approximately $549.2 million. Based on the quoted market prices (Level 1), the fair value of the 2026 Senior Notes was determined to be approximately $542.7 million at December 31, 2022.